Juncus effusus (Common Rush)


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Plant Description: An evergreen riparian plant that can grow around 3ft tall and just as wide. This plant produces large clumps of rounded stems and leaves that spreads from stout rhizomes. Leaves are reduced to small sheaths near the bottom of the plant. The inflorescence is positioned laterally off the stem in a variety of forms ranging from open to a tightly bunched group of small brown florets. Blooms from June through August, followed by fruits that are a small, three part capsule.

  • Height: 2-6ft 
  • Width: 3-6ft
  • Watering needs: regular
  • Sun needs: full sun to part shade
  • Soil needs: moist to wet
  • Bloom Time: June through August
  • Portland Plant List (Backyard Habitat Certification): Yes

Landscape Use and Ecological Function: A Willamette Valley native, common rush occurs across much of North America. It can be found in wet spots of oak woodlands, wetlands, and near the edges of water and bogs, as well as in shallow, sandy soils with seasonal flooding.

This plant is excellent for rain gardens. It is a butterfly host and can add nicely to wildlife habitat as well. Cold hardy.

*Photo by SevenOaks Nursery*

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