Abies grandis (Grand Fir)


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Plant Description: A very large, fast growing conifer with flat needles and red colored bark. Branches droop slightly while needles turn slightly upward. The very shiny green needles with silver bottom sides are a helpful identifier from some other similar conifers. Cones are dioecious and smell somewhat like oranges.

  • Height: 150-260 ft
  • Width: 20ft
  • Watering needs: consistent
  • Sun needs: full sun-part shade
  • Soil needs: moist, deep, acidic, well draining
  • Portland Plant List (Backyard Habitat Certification): Yes

Landscape Use and Ecological Function: Often growing in lower elevations of mountain ranges in river bottoms, stream banks, valleys, and well draining rocky mountains, these firs appreciate seasonal moisture. Usually growing in mixed conifer forests, they can tolerate some shade. Often found amongst Sitka Spruce, White Fir, and Doug Fire

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