Crataegus douglasii (Black Hawthorne)


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Plant Description: Upright, bushy shrub/tree with a spreading rounded crown, coarse, gray bark, and smooth, red young twigs. Occasional stout thorns, 0.5-1 inch long, adorn the branches. Shiny, dark green leaves are oval, very slightly lobed with a double serrated margin near the tip and pale undersides. Leaves turn yellow, orange and red in autumn. Flowers appear as white, globed shaped buds opening into clusters of 5-12 white flowers with greenish centers occurring terminally. It also produces edible fruit in the form of a purplish-black berry. *NEVER CONSUME PLANTS WITHOUT PROPER ID*

  • Height: 15 ft
  • Width: 10 ft
  • Sun Needs: Sun to partial shade
  • Soil Needs: Moist to dry soil
  • Bloom Time: Spring

Landscape Use and Ecological Function: Found in the northern latitudes of North America, most abundant in the Pacific Northwest between elevations of 2200-5400 feet. This native plant is common in wetlands, open moist places, coastal bluffs, and slopes. Excellent for woodland gardens, food forests, and rain gardens. 

This plant provides food and shelter for wildlife. It attracts birds and pollinators and serves as a butterfly host as well. Crataegus douglasii is an excellent plant to use as a soil stabilizer and streambank erosion control. Avoid using it in depleted soils.

*Photos by SevenOaks Nursery*

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